HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Baltimore, Maryland, USA or Virtually from your home or work.
Fonguh Oliver Khan, Speaker at Vaccines Conferences
Ministry of Public Health , Cameroon
Title : Functional consequences of novel IgG3 allelic variation on CAP256-VRC26.25” to 4th Edition of International Vaccines Congress


Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) isolated from HIV-1 individuals have shown promise in prevention. We have previously demonstrated that the IgG3 isotype significantly improved the neutralization potency of CAP256-VRC26.25 over the routinely used IgG1 constant region. However, there is significant allelic diversity in immunoglobulin constant heavy G chain 3 (IGHG3), especially in African populations, of which the functional relevance is unknown compared to IgG1 version. This study assessed whether allelic variation in IgG3 could further improve neutralization potency.
CAP256-VRC26.25 bNAb was engineered and expressed as 12 different IgG3 allelic variants, including two novel variants, as determined from previous IGHG3 sequencing data from the CAPRISA 002 cohort. These were tested for neutralization against an eight- virus panel and compared to the IgG1 version.
Overall, the IgG3 versions of CAP256-VRC26.25 showed improved neutralization compared to the IgG1 version. Further, there were significant differences between allelic variants, IgG3*01 versus IgG3*04 (p=0.0038), IgG3*01 versus IgG3*15 (p=0.0013), IgG3*13 versus IgG3*04 (p=0.01570) and IgG3*13 versus IgG3*15 (p=0.0059). IgG3*01 showed the highest fold change (median value 8.0) relative to IgG1. IgG3*04 and IgG3*15 showed the least fold change (median value 2.2). This is due to the short hinge length of IgG3*04 and amino acid differences in IgG3*15. IgG3*01 and IgG3*13 were the most potent antibodies corresponding to IGHG3*01 and IGHG3*13, respectively. This confirms the importance of the constant region in neutralization which has been supported by previous studies. Thus, hinge length and amino acid differences in the constant region impact neutralization. This study shows that allelic variation in the constant region can impact on neutralization potency and supports leveraging genetic diversity to improve antibody function.


Oliver studied and graduated with an M.Sc. in Chemical Pathology at the University of Buea, Cameroon in 20215. He also graduated with an MSc. in Vaccinolgy from the University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, South Africa in 2024. He has been working as the EPI surveillance Focal Point for Integrated Diseases Surveillance at the regional delegation of Public Health of the North West, Cameroon since 2012. He is Member of many professional associations both nationally and internationally.